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为何EB2NIW 在大学和研究机构工作比较容易获得批准
作者:孙律师     发文时间: 2015年04月19日 06:07:34

Law Offices of Sun
12100 Wilshire Boulevard • Suite 650 • Los Angeles, CA &#
8226; 90025
Tel: (310) 481-6118* Fax: (310) 481-6117*Web: www.sunlawfirm.us
Contact: Alicesunlaw@gmail.com
Member of American Immigration Lawyers’ Association (1996-Present)
Attorney Alice H. Sun

为什么EB2 NIW 国家利益豁免在大学和研究机构工作比较容易获得移民局批准

近期中国大陆EB2 排期向前跃进14个月,使许多中国大陆的学生,学者对通过EB2NIW申
请绿卡重新建立信心。

自1994年以来,我们律师事务所已经帮助了成千的中国大陆学生学者通过自我申请形式
成功申请美国绿卡。长期经验使我们有一个感觉,在大学和研究机构工作的学生,博士
后,和研究人员比较容易获得移民局对其EB2NIW 申请的批准。 而对于已经在公司工作
的EB2NIW申请人,移民局经常会发出要求补充文件要求申请人证明他们的工作不仅仅是
为了该公司谋取经济收益。

虽然我们已经帮助很多在公司工作的EB2NIW申请人成功向移民局论证了这一个问题,争
取到了移民局对这些客户申请的批准,但是我们希望对这个问题做一个解释,以帮助读
者更好的准备自己的申请证据。

移民局这一审理政策倾向起源于 纽约运输公司 (NYSDOT) 一案。 这个权威性案件自
上世纪90年代末至今一直是移民局审理 EB2NIW 申请的座右铭。

NYSDOT中要求EB2NIW申请人证明自己的工作和贡献与国家利益有直接的联系和重要的影
响,所以要求豁免劳工审查这个保护美国劳动力市场的程序。而移民局通常以申请人的
原创性研究成果,以及这些原创性成果的影响力 (引用文数量,媒体报道等),以及
申请人所参与的研究项目的重要性 (NIH, DOD, DARPA, NSF, etc) 作为证据而做
出判断的。

这个权威性案件直到2011年美国总统和国会提出希望EB2NIW国家利益豁免的绿卡申请途
径在工商业界更广泛的应用以促进外国工商界为美国创造更多就业机会的方式,才收到
专业人士的质疑。2011年8月,移民局发布了一个关于EB2 和 EB2NIW 在工商界中适用
政策问答,具体可以点击这个链接:
http://www.uscis.gov/news/public-releases-topic/business-immigration/employment-based-second-preference-immigrant-visa-category-frequently-asked-questions-regarding-entrepreneurs-and-employment-based-second-preference-immigrant-visa-category

为了帮助读者了解满足移民局对EB2NIW申请中关于为了国家利益申请豁免劳工审查程序
的证据问题,以下文章做一个简介。

Regarding Third Prong Test of Eligibility for a National Interest Waiver

Following our previous article, we have discussed a little further on what
the NIW applicant is generally expected to meet the third measure of the
three prong tests of eligibility for a national interest waiver.

While the national interest waiver hinges on prospective national benefit,
the petitioner/applicant must establish that his/her past record justifies
projections of future benefit to the national interest. The use of the term
"prospective" requires future contributions by the alien.

The point is whether the applicant's contributions in the field are of such
unusual significance that he/she merits the special benefit of a national
interest waiver. The applicant must demonstrate that he/she has a past
history of achievement with some degree of influence on the field as a whole
. In other words, it is required of the applicant to show that his
influence/impact is greater than most of the applicant’s peers in the field
. To evaluate this point at issue, USCIS, in its discretion, often uses
advisory opinion statements submitted as expert testimony. When evaluating
the content of the expert testimonial letters submitted and the
significance of the experts' statements, USCIS also look at the relationship
or affiliation between the beneficiary/applicant and the testimonial expert
as a factor to consider. It is generally expected by CIS that an applicant
whose accomplishments have garnered national or international acclaim would
have received recognition for his/her accomplishments well beyond the
circle of his/her personal or professional acquaintances. Therefore, if all
or a majority of the applicant's expert testimonies consisted of the
letters from his/her colleagues or similar affiliations, without any
independent expert(s), this would create an unfavorable impression upon CIS
that the applicant has NOT established that his research is known and has
influenced others outside his/her circle of colleagues. Accordingly, it is
important for applicant to show a successful claim of recognition through
opinions of several independent experts in the field.

As to the applicant's original research contributions in his/her field of
endeavor, it is expected that the applicant's contributions are generally
acknowledged as representing major advances in the field, significantly
beyond the capabilities of the majority of her colleagues in the field.
When the extent of the applicant’s original and novel contributions in the
field is evaluated by USCIS, the reviewing officer examines citation
evidence showing the number of cites to the applicant’s published findings.
Typically, the number of independent citations is indicative of the
impact/influence of the applicant’s original discoveries and contributions
in the field of endeavor.

If the applicant’s history of having received only a few number of
independent citations from published articles is inconsistent with a finding
that the applicant has imparted an influence of some degree to his/her
field, USCIS then also evaluates other aspects of the applicant's
achievements such as the applicant's leading or critical role in his/her
current and future research activities, his/her creative and innovative
skills and contributions to serve national interest, as well as other
demonstrable evidence of the applicant's work being implemented/utilized by
others (e.g. patents), media reports relating to the applicant’s work in
the field, etc. The fact that an alien/applicant merely plays an important
role in a specific project is insufficient to establish eligibility for a
national interest waiver. Eligibility for the waiver rests with the alien's
own qualifications rather than with the (research) position sought. The
issue here is the question of whether similarly trained workers are
available in the United States. The applicant/alien seeking the national
interest waiver must persuasively demonstrate that the national interest
would be adversely affected if a labor certification were required for the
alien.

Since USCIS regulations have NOT defined the term "national interest", and
Congress did not provide a specific definition of "in the national interest"
, the proof of burden to meet a national interest waiver has rested with the
petitioner/applicant, while USCIS reviews waivers of the labor
certification in the national interest by judging each case on its own
merits after a careful review and analysis of all evidence submitted by an
applicant/alien. Perhaps, that is why the third measure (to prove that the
national interest would be adversely affected if a labor certification were
required for the alien) may be more difficult to prove, for the most part,
than the other first- and second- measures (to demonstrate that the proposed
employment has substantial intrinsic merit and would be national in scope).

Our law firm has substantial experience for more than 19 years to help
postdoctoral researchers, professors, engineers, and other advanced degree
professionals apply for green card applications in EB1A, EB1B and EB2NIW.
For more information, you can visit our website at www.sunlawfirm.us.

We provide Free Evaluation services. If you are interested in a Green Card
application, please email us your resume, the number of citations of your
works, and your main contributions to alicesunlaw@gmail.com. Subject: Green
Card Application.

Alice H. Sun (Member of American Immigration Lawyers Association)
Law Offices of Sun
12100 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 650
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Tel: (310) 481-6118
Fax: (310) 481-6117
alicesunlaw@gmail.com,
http://www.sunlawfirm.us.

Disclaimer: The above newsletter information is general information. They
are NOT legal consultations for any specific cases or legal issues.





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